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Susan Swan Forsyth



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About the Course

Business 112 Financial Accounting is a 4 unit course with no prerequisite.  There are four lecture hours weekly.
 
Course Description
This is an introduction to accounting practice, principles, and analysis.  This course is basic for students in accounting, business administration, economics, law, and other professions.  Also, it should be the first course in accounting theory for vocational bookkeepers as well as small business owners needing basic accounting theory. The course covers the accounting cycle for a service enterprise and for a merchandising enterprise, preparation of financial statements, internal control, valuation of receivables, depreciation and fixed asset disposal, debt structure, corporate capitalization and retained earnings, and finishing with a thorough discussion of financial statement analysis.
Course Objectives
The student will have an understanding of the conceptual framework of accounting, the assumptions, principles and constraints of Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, and the role of the Financial Accounting Standards Board in today's accounting atmosphere.  The student will be able to carry out the tasks of a full charge bookkeeper and make the appropriate year-end adjusting entries.  Furthermore, the student will be able to prepare and communicate to the external reader the four basic financial statements; balance sheet, statement of earnings, statement of stockholders' equity, and cash flow statement.
Student Learning Outcomes

            1.Perform duties typically assigned to an entry level book-keeper in a business or non-profit organization, including recording business transactions, making routine adjusting entries, and performing period-end close procedures;

              2. Prepare financial statements in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) and perform analyses on company's profitability,liquidity, solvency and operation efficiency;
               
             3. Recognize the major differences between GAAP and IFRS;

             4. Understand the principles of internal control and common control procedures to safeguard assets;
              
              5. Relate the important role ethics play in financial reporting and identify unethical behaviors and practices


Method of Instruction
The class will be a mix of lecture, problem-solving activities and quizzes.  The student will need access to a computer in order to access the class website, do homework and extra credit, take chapter online quizzes, and receive emails. Class attendance is strongly encouraged but not mandatory.  There are no points assigned for participation.  However, I will call on students whether or not they volunteer to answer a question. Each class, students are expected to work on the homework assigned in order to input it successfully at home using the access card.  Students can expect homework of approximately 2.5 hours a week to read the chapter assigned and do the homework, and an hour every two weeks in order to complete the on-line quiz.  There is additional time spent if the student chooses to do extra credit problems. There are no group work/projects/presentations.
Students are responsible adults with busy lives.  I do not have an issue with students coming late to class/missing class with the understanding that homework/quiz/extra credit deadlines are adhered to without exception. If the student will be missing more than one class, the student should discuss this with me.  I drop/withdraw a student at certain intervals during the semester if it appears that the student is no longer participating.  Participation is defined as a combination of completed work, quizzes and class attendance.
Textbooks and Materials
See the Textbook/Materials section of this website.
Schedules
The schedule of assignments/quizzes and their respective deadlines is shown at Syllabus - IVC or Kentfield on this website.  The extension of time ("grace period") for specified Chapter homework assignments is covered at Class Overview and at FAQ on this website, as well as the syllabus. Submission criteria for assignments and quizzes is covered at FAQ. The topics covered (by chapter) is shown in the outline below. There is no midterm or final exam.  Drop-dates are shown at Important Dates on this website.
Grading
The activities which will be graded, and their respective weights is shown at Class Overview.  I use points rather than grades with each type of assignment earning a possible maximum as shown at Overview.  The deadline for Pass/No Pass grade option is shown at Important Dates on this website
Course Content

Business 112 Financial Accounting Textbook: Corporate Financial Accounting, 12th edition, by Warren, Reeve, Duchac.  South-Western (Cengage Learning) publisher.
This content is located in the following textbook chapters of the above text:
  1. Introduction to Accounting and Business 
    1. Nature of accounting and business
    2. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles
    3. Business transactions and the equations
    4. Financial statements and ratio of liabilities to stockholders equity
  2. Analyzing Transactions
    1. Using accounts and the double-entry accounting system
    2. Posting journal entries to accounts
    3. Trial Balance
    4. Horizontal analysis
  3. The Adjusting Process
    1. Nature of the adjusting process
    2. Adjusting entries
    3. Adjusted trial balance
    4. Vertical analysis
  4. Completing the Accounting Cycle
    1. Flow of Accounting Information and Accounting Cycle
    2. Financial statements
    3. Closing entries
    4. Working capital and current ratio
  5. Accounting for Merchandising Operations
    1. Nature of merchandising business
    2. Merchandising transactions and financial statements
    3. Adjusting and closing process
    4. Ratio of Net Sales to Assets
  6. Inventories
    1. Control of inventory
    2. Valuation of inventory using different cost flow systems, lower of cost and net realizable value
    3. Inventory turnover and days' sales in inventory
  7. Sarbanes-Oxley, Internal Control, and Cash
    1. Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
    2. Objectives, elements, and application of internal controls
    3. Bank reconciliations and special purpose cash funds
    4. Financial statement reporting of cash
    5. Ratio of cash to monthly cash expenses
  8. Receivables
    1. Types of receivables
    2. Accounting for uncollectible accounts
    3. Notes receivable
    4. Financial statement reporting of receivables
    5. Accounts receivable turnover and days' sales in receivables
  9. Fixed Assets and Intangible Assets
    1. Nature of fixed assets
    2. Depreciation methods
    3. Disposal of fixed assets
    4. Natural resources and intangible assets
    5. Financial reporting for fixed and intangible assets
    6. Fixed asset turnover ratio
  10. Current Liabilities and Payroll
    1. Current liabilities
    2. Payroll and payroll taxes
    3. Accounting systems for payroll and payroll taxes
    4. Employees' fringe benefits and contingent liabilities
    5. Quick ratio
  11. Corporations: Organization, Stock Transactions, and Dividends
    1. Nature of corporation
    2. Paid in capital from issuing stock
    3. Dividends
    4. Treasury Stock
    5. Reporting stockholders equity and earnings per share
    6. Stock splits
  12. Long-Term Liabilities: Bonds and Notes
    1. Financing corporations
    2. Bonds payable
    3. Installment Notes
    4. Reporting long-term liabilities, and times interest charges are earned
  13. Investments and Fair Value Accounting
    1. Accounting for debt and equity investments
    2. Value and reporting investments
    3. Fair value accounting
    4. Dividend yield
  14. Statement of Cash Flows
    1. Reporting cash flows
    2. Statement of Cash Flows - indirect method
    3. Statement of Cash Flows - direct method
    4. Free cash flow
  15. Financial Statement Analysis
    1. Basic analytical methods
    2. Liquidity and solvency analysis
    3. Profitability analysis
    4. Corporate annual reports

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