Frequently Asked Questions: This page contains answers to common questions of students and parents.
- What is normal child development?
- How can I tell if my child has an actual problem or is a late talker?
What is normal child development?
2 TO 3 year Old Development
Hearing and Understanding
* Hears you when you call from another room.
* Hears television or radio at the same loudness level as other family
* Answers simple "who?", "what?", "where?", and "why?" questions.
* Talks about activities at school or at friends' homes.
* People outside of the family usually understand child's speech.
* Uses a lot of sentences that have 4 or more words.
* Usually talks easily without repeating syllables or words.
4 to 5 year Old Development
Hearing and Understanding
* Pays attention to a short story and answers simple questions about it.
* Hears and understands most of what is said at home and in school.
* Makes voice sounds clear like other children's.
* Uses sentences that give lots of details (e.g., "I like to read my
* Tells stories that stick to topic.
* Communicates easily with other children and adults.
* Says most sounds correctly (except perhaps certain ones such
as l, s, r, v, z, ch, sh, th).
*Uses the same grammar as the rest of the family.
How can I tell if my child has an actual problem or is a late talker?
Parents don't have to rely on the predictions of others or to guess that their
child will be just like a friend's and eventually catch up in language
development. If parents are concerned about their child's speech and language
development, they should see a speech-language pathologist certified by the
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association for a professional evaluation.
The speech-language pathologist can administer tests of receptive and
expressive language, analyze a child's utterances in various situations,
determine factors that may be slowing down language development, and counsel
parents on the next steps to take.
The speech-language pathologist may give suggestions on stimulating language
development, and ask that the parent and child return if parental concern
continues. Or, the speech-language pathologist may want to schedule a
re-evaluation right then. In more severe cases, the speech-language
pathologist may want the parent and child to become involved in an early
intervention program. The programs typically consist of demonstrating language
stimulation techniques for home use, and more frequent monitoring of the
child's progress. In the most severe cases, a more formal treatment program
may be recommended.
Waiting to find out if your child will catch up will still be hard, but you
won't feel guilty that you did not do everything you could.