Frequently Asked Questions: This page contains answers to common questions of students and parents.
- What does the Child Study Team do?
- What is a referral?
- Who can make a referral?
- What happens when a referral is made?
- How are decisions made about my child's special education needs?
- What is an evaluation?
- When is an evaluation needed?
- How is eligibility determined?
- What is an Individualized Education Program (IEP)?
- Who must attend the IEP meeting?
- What is an Annual Review?
- What is a Reevaluation?
What does the Child Study Team do?
The Child Study Team evaluates children from the ages of 3 through 21
to determine eligibility for special education and/or related services.
What is a referral?
A referral is a written request for an evaluation that is given to the
school district when a child is suspected of having a disability and might
need special education services.
Who can make a referral?
Parents, school personnel, and agencies concerned with the welfare of
students can make a referral. If you believe your child has a disability,
you may refer your child for an evaluation by submitting a written request
to your school district.
What happens when a referral is made?
Within 20 calendar days of receiving a referral, the school district must
hold a meeting to decide whether an evaluation will be conducted. If an
evaluation will be conducted, another decision is made about the types of
testing and other procedures that will be used to determine if your child
needs special education services.
How are decisions made about my child's special education needs?
Decisions regarding your child's special education needs are made at
meetings. As the parent of a child who has or may have a disability, you
have the right to participate in meetings regarding: identification
(decision to evaluate), evaluation (nature and scope of assessment
procedures), classification (determination of whether your child is eligible
for special education and related services), developement and review of your
child's Individualized Education Program (IEP), educational placement of
your child and reevaluation of your child. You are considered a member of
the multi-disciplinary team of qualified persons who meet to make these
determinations and develop your child's IEP.
What is an evaluation?
An evaluation is the process used to determine whether your child has a
disability. This process includes a review of any relevant data, and the
individual administration of any tests, assessments and observations of your
child. For an initial evaluation, at least two child study team members and
other specialists as required or as determined necessary must participate.
When is an evaluation needed?
An evaluation is needed when you, the members of the child study team, and
your child's teacher meet and decide that your child may have a disability.
How is eligibility determined?
When the evaluation is completed, the eligibility is determined
collaboratively at a meeting according to N.J.A.C.6A:14-2.3(i). To be
eligible for special education and related services: a student must have a
disability according to one of the eligibility categories; the disability
must adversely affect the student's educational performance; and the student
must be in need of special education and related services.
What is an Individualized Education Program (IEP)?
After your child is determined to be eligible for special education and
related services, a meeting will be held to develop your child's IEP. The
IEP is a written plan that describes in detail your child's special
education program. The IEP should describe how your child currently
performs and your child's specific instructional needs. The IEP must
include measurable annual goals and short term objectives or benchmarks.
Who must attend the IEP meeting?
Student, if appropriate; Parent; Regular education teacher (to the extent
appropriate), if the student is or will be participating in regular
education; Special education teacher; at least one child study team member;
case manager; school district representative; others at the discretion of
the parent or school district; and if transition will be discussed at the
IEP meeting, a representative of any other angency likely to provide or pay
What is an Annual Review?
Each classified child's IEP will be reviewed and any changes will be made
once a year. An Annual Review may take place sooner if the need arises.
What is a Reevaluation?
A reevaluation is conducted every three years. At this time, a decision
will be made as to whether or not testing will be conducted and if the
student remains to be eligible for special education and or related